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Year-Long Trajectory

Trajectory Guidance

The Year-Long Trajectory is your scope and sequence for learning experiences across the year. A scope and sequence maps a pathway for ongoing learning in various content areas along with the experiences that support children’s learning as they grow and develop. SEE Every Child is arranged by monthly content areas, leading with the Big Ideas that ground learning experiences. This year-long trajectory is the foundation for our mission to ensure that all young children in Somerville have equitable access to a curriculum approach where they are engaged in joyful, robust, challenging, child-centered experiences grounded in play, discovery, and their own interests, and guided by state and national learning standards. Use it as you plan for each month to ensure that children are receiving the learning experiences they need to grow and thrive.

September

Who am I? How do I make friends? I am part of a group. I have feelings and my friends do too.

Anti-Bias Education

Me and My Friends: I know and like who I am, naming self identities, noticing similarities and differences in self, others, families

Mathematical Thinking

Introduction to manipulatives, sorting, counting objects, verbal counting

Science and Engineering

Ask questions, define problems, gather information related to observing collections, similarities and differences, the school building and neighborhood

Social Emotional Learning

Greeting friends by name, listening routines, focusing attention games

Oral Language and Concept Development

Morning meeting routines, classroom agreements, caring for books, read alouds, explicit presentations, school-based vocabulary

Fine Motor, Drawing, and Writing

Fine motor center and art center, transfer and pincer activities, free drawing and mark making, shapes & lines

Expressive and Written Language

Class books, name songs, shared oral stories, making classroom signs for cubbies and areas

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Name games, initial sound games using names, letter exploration with moveable alphabets/magnetic letters

October

How are we alike? How are we different? How do we work together? Over time things change.

Anti-Bias Education

Me and My Friends: Self awareness, naming self identities, noticing similarities and differences in self, others, families

Mathematical Thinking

Verbal counting, recognizing and making groups to 5, subitizing, naming and matching familiar shapes

Science and Engineering

Ask questions, define problems, gather information related to observing collections, similarities and differences, the school building and neighborhood, seasonal changes

Social Emotional Learning

Practicing self-talk during play, listening and following directions, asking for needs

Oral Language and Concept Development

Conversations about preferences, review of morning message, books with repetitive patterns, class books, turn taking during conversations, social phrases

Fine Motor, Drawing, and Writing

Bilateral hand-eye work, introduce writing and art center materials, making class signs and alphabets, mat man and writing stroke practice

Expressive and Written Language

Act out simple repetitive books, expand language with “tell me more” prompts, anchor chart writing, message making and sending

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Rhyming songs and chants, I spy naming children, classroom spaces and materials, sandpaper letters and sand trays, Alphachant lap books

November

Big Ideas

How are we alike? How are we different? How do we work together? Over time things change.

Anti-Bias Education

Families: Describing, noticing similarities and differences in identities, noticing differences in beliefs and how people live

Mathematical Thinking

Verbal counting, subitizing, recognize and build shapes, 1-1 correspondence, comparing 2 groups

Science and Engineering

Ask questions, define problems, gather information related to family traditions, transportation, force and motion

Social Emotional Learning

Identify happy, sad, surprised, scared, mad/angry and how others feel in different scenarios

Oral Language and Concept Development

Group games during morning meeting, KWL charts, surfacing Big Ideas & related vocabulary, CROWD read-aloud strategies sequencing & predicting, language to plan, enter, and sustain play

Fine Motor, Drawing, and Writing

Hand strength, name building games, introduce writing and art center materials, making class signs and alphabets, mat man and grip, line, shape formation, stencils, sand trays

Expressive and Written Language

Story Telling/Story Acting dictation and acting, Journaling, make classroom alphabet, KWL charts, sending and receiving messages, group messages

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Word play, I Spy with small objects, sandpaper letters 3 period lesson with weekly focus letters, and sand trays, letter symbol activities, key words on song/chant charts

December

How does change (weather/setting) change what we do (how we dress or tell a story)?

Anti-Bias Education

Families: Describing, noticing similarities and differences in identities, noticing differences in beliefs and how people live

Mathematical Thinking

Name and describe shapes, compare two groups of objects, recognize numerals and quantities they represent

Science and Engineering

Ask questions, define problems, gather information related to seasonal change, clothing

Social Emotional Learning

Identify how someone feels same or different from another person, identify when something is an accident, demonstrate kindness and helping behaviors

Oral Language and Concept Development

Support asking questions and comments, CROWD strategies, comparing and contrasting stories, extend reciprocal discourse, use content-based vocabulary in conversations

Fine Motor, Drawing, and Writing

Tracing names, letters, numbers, shapes in sand trays or with tracing paper, free drawing and journaling, representational art, new art techniques, process-based art experiences, letter formation in art

Expressive and Written Language

Story Telling/Story Acting dictation and acting, Journaling, charts and Venn diagrams to compare and contrast data, group and individual message making

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Mystery bag, initial sound sorting games, sandpaper letters 3 period lesson with weekly focus letters, and sand trays, letter symbol activities, handwriting books, model word building with magnetic letters, moveable alphabets

January

How do people and animals stay warm, healthy and safe in cold weather? What makes things fair?

Anti-Bias Education

Civil Rights: Recognizing unfairness and injustice, unfairness hurts

Mathematical Thinking

Ordering numbers, ordering by length, identify and match shapes, find shapes in environment, plus 1 pattern in number sequencing

Science and Engineering

Ask questions, define problems, gather information related to animals, the human body, healthy living

Social Emotional Learning

Oral Language and Concept Development

Group surveys, problem solving discussions, turn and talk, Big Books and shared/interactive reading, prompt retelling and summarizing, support reciprocal conversational exchanges

Fine Motor, Drawing, and Writing

Observational drawing, child-documentation of work, representational art, new art techniques, process-based art experiences, letter formation in art

Expressive and Written Language

Story Telling/Story Acting, Journals & labeling drawings, Classbooks related to Big Ideas, Journal sharing & author’s chair, message center

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

sandpaper letters 3 period lesson with weekly focus letters, and sand trays, letter symbol activities, initial phoneme sorting, word building with key vocabulary, connect letter identification to handwriting

February

Big Ideas

  • Light and Shadow
  • Kindness and Fairness
How does light reflect and absorb? How do people communicate without speaking?

Anti-Bias Education

Civil Rights: Recognizing unfairness and injustice, unfairness hurts, people can stop unfairness and make life better, we can speak up together

Mathematical Thinking

Recognize, duplicate, extend patterns, count beyond 10, subitize, produce objects to 10, compare by counting, recognize and name shapes

Science and Engineering

Ask questions, define problems, gather information related to light & shadow

Social Emotional Learning

Calming down steps, relaxation, ways to express anger, learning to wait, managing disappointment

Oral Language and Concept Development

Group surveys, problem solving discussions, turn and talk, non-fiction texts, prompt retelling and summarizing, support reciprocal conversational exchanges

Fine Motor, Drawing, and Writing

Rotation of fine motor activities and integration with Big Idea, message center, process and representational art, Handwriting practice and novel letter formation activities

Expressive and Written Language

Story Telling/Story Acting, Journals & labeling drawings, Classbooks related to Big Ideas, Journal sharing & author’s chair, message center

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Rhyming books, songs, & games, I Spy with objects, initial phoneme sorting, rhyming word sorting, sandpaper letters 3 period lesson with weekly focus letters, and sand trays, letter symbol activities

March

Big Ideas

What big ideas have your children been pondering . . .

Anti-Bias Education

Civil Rights: Recognizing unfairness and injustice, unfairness hurts, people can stop unfairness and make life better, we can speak up together

Mathematical Thinking

Compare longer, shorter, etc., measurement, order numerals and length, count to 10 and beyond

Science and Engineering

Ask questions, define problems, gather information related to seasonal change and weather, music and sound

Social Emotional Learning

Asking to play, trade, take turns, inviting language, feelings when others don’t play fairly

Oral Language and Concept Development

Group surveys, problem solving discussions, turn and talk, non-fiction texts, prompt retelling and summarizing, support reciprocal conversational exchanges

Fine Motor, Drawing, and Writing

Rotation of fine motor activities and integration with Big Idea, write the room, mini books, group art projects, handwriting practice and novel letter formation activities

Expressive and Written Language

Story Telling Story Acting, Journals, Invented spelling and use of vocabulary cards, math/science journals, webs for planning, message center

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Rhyming books, songs, & games, I Spy with objects, initial phoneme sorting, rhyming word sorting, sandpaper letters 3 period lesson with weekly focus letters, and sand trays, letter symbol activities

April

Big Ideas

  • Growing and Changing
  • Birds
  • Changemakers
What does it mean to be kind? How do you know if something is fair? How do people make change?

Anti-Bias Education

Change Makers: Speaking up when something is unfair, Working with others to make change, kindness

Mathematical Thinking

Counting up and back from 10 and beyond, identify and match shapes, compose shapes to make pictures & designs, add and subtract small numbers

Science and Engineering

Ask questions, define problems, gather information related to life cycles, growing and changing, plants, animals, change makers in science, Introduce scientific drawing, writing/labeling, science journals

Social Emotional Learning

Joining play, calming down, stating problems and thinking of solutions

Oral Language and Concept Development

Share and revising student work, peer feedback, poetry and rhyming, support reciprocal conversational exchanges, same/different, content vocabulary

Fine Motor, Drawing, and Writing

Rotation of fine motor activities and integration with Big Idea, handwriting practice and novel letter formation activities, scientific drawing and writing

Expressive and Written Language

Story Telling Story Acting, Journals, Invented spelling and use of vocabulary cards, math/science journals, webs for planning, message center

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Initial sounds, syllables, rhyming, sandpaper letters 3 period lesson with weekly focus letters, and sand trays, letter symbol activities, breaking words apart, invented spelling

May/June

Big Ideas

  • Growing and Changing
  • Changemakers
Living things grow and change – How have I grown and changed?

Anti-Bias Education

Change Makers: Speaking up when something is unfair, Working with others to make change, kindness

Mathematical Thinking

Counting up and back from 10 and beyond, add/subtract small numbers, compose shapes to make new shapes, describe shape attributes, compose numbers

Science and Engineering

Ask questions, define problems, gather information related to life cycles, growing and changing, plants, animals, change makers in science

Social Emotional Learning

Prepare for transition to kindergarten, speaking up, listening, identify feelings, calming downs steps, invitation to play

Oral Language and Concept Development

Share and revising student work, peer feedback, poetry and rhyming, support reciprocal conversational exchanges, same/different, content vocabulary

Fine Motor, Drawing, and Writing

Rotation of fine motor activities and integration with Big Idea, handwriting practice and novel letter formation activities, scientific drawing and writing, copying and invented spelling

Expressive and Written Language

Story Telling Story Acting, Journals, Invented spelling and use of vocabulary cards, math/science journals, webs for planning, message center, author’s chair

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Writing group poems and songs, sandpaper letters 3 period lesson with weekly focus letters, and sand trays, letter symbol activities, breaking words apart, invented spelling

July/August

How do people and animals interact with their natural environment?

Anti-Bias Education

Me and My Friends: Group and individual identities, self awareness, family pride

Mathematical Thinking

Review subitizing, verbal counting, describing and composing shapes, adding and subtracting small numbers, counting and sorting

Science and Engineering

Ask questions, define problems, gather information related to insects, animals, local landmarks & neighborhood

Social Emotional Learning

Prepare for transition to kindergarten, speaking up, listening, identify feelings, calming downs steps, invitation to play

Oral Language and Concept Development

Share and revising student work, peer feedback, poetry and rhyming, support reciprocal conversational exchanges, same/different, content vocabulary

Fine Motor, Drawing, and Writing

Rotation of fine motor activities and integration with Big Idea, handwriting practice and novel letter formation activities, scientific drawing and writing

Expressive and Written Language

Story Telling Story Acting, Journals, Invented spelling and use of vocabulary cards, math/science journals, webs for planning, message center, author’s chair

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Writing group poems and songs, sandpaper letters 3 period lesson with weekly focus letters, and sand trays, letter symbol activities, breaking words apart, invented spelling